Background Info.

September 15, 2011 at 2:39 pm | Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment
  • Who – Childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years.  More and more children are consuming more calories than they are burning off.  About 17% (12.5 million) of children and adolescents (between the ages of 2-19) are obese in America.  The obesity rate among children between the ages of six and 11 has increased from 6.5% in 1980 to 19.6% in 2008. The rate among adolescents between the ages of 12 to 19 has increased from 5.0% to 18.1%. These large increasing statistics have brought the attention of many individuals to realize that childhood obesity is a serious problem and that the numbers keep rising.

http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/obesity/

http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/data.html

  • What – There were many causes to the large increase in children who are obese.  One cause of childhood obesity that some children cannot fix is that it is genetic.  Now, only about one in 7,000 children can say that; genes linking obesity from parents to children are very rare.  Those few children who are obese because of genetics are said to have a disorder such as Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome. (research Bardet-Biedl and Prader Willi to see if they are legit).  Other than the children who are obese because of genetics, what are the causes of obesity for the other children?  Advertisements of less healthy foods (always seeing mcdonalds, burger king, pizza, etc. commercials), lack of physical activity in schools, not many safe or appealing places to play in cities or communities, increased portion size, television and gaming systems, limited access to healthy foods.

http://obesefromtheheart.com/2010/on-childhood-obesity-and-genetics/

http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/causes/index.html

http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/problem.html

  • When – When did obesity start to be such a problem (are as some call it, an epidemic)? Most families now have a working father and mother, which creates for less time to prepare dinner and it has become “easier” to just go get fast food. Also, parents do not eat as healthy as they should and in turn, children are copying what their parents do and eat whatever they want. Childhood obesity was not considered an “epidemic” until recently.  Rates of obese children have risen in the past thirty years primarily because of cultural change.  With the rise in fast food restaurants appearing on almost every block and with children becoming lazier and lazier due to television and new gaming systems, children do not get the physical exercise they used to.  

http://www.baptistonline.org/health/healthieryou/child/Childhood_Obesity_Epidemic.asp

http://www.helpcurechildobesity.com/child-obesity-causes.html

  • Where – where is childhood obesity the biggest problem in the US and why?  Children living in the Southeast of the US are said to be the most likely to be obese, while those in the West are most likely to be thin.  In 1991, the highest obesity rates were between 15-19.9% found in the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, West Virginia, and Michigan. In 2006, the highest obesity rate was above 30% and that was only found in Mississippi.  The childhood obesity rates increased in almost every state from 1991 to 2006, imagine what it would be now.  In 2006, Mississippi was the “fattest state” in the US, with surrounding states such as Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, and Arkansas in a close second with rates between 25-29.9%.  

http://www.medpagetoday.com/Pediatrics/Obesity/19899

http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-08-27-obesity-rates_N.htm

http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2010/

http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html

http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/hea_obe-health-obesity

  • What to do next?  I feel like I need to research a little more about where childhood obesity is highest and still increasing (by state).  I also need to research the disorders Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome and find out more about those syndromes.
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